Friday, October 26, 2012
BROOKE GLADSTONE: It's easy to forget that Facebook has only been around for eight years and only available to non-college students for six. And yet, Facebook's life represents an eternity in Internet years, where entities live, dominate and die at historic speeds. Surely then, Facebook must one day die, right? I dragged Clay Shirky back to ponder the question of Facebook's inevitable demise.
CLAY SHIRKY: It's hard to guess how long Facebook will be around. I mean, everything ends at some point. But I don't think that there's any foreseeable future in which Facebook goes away or even becomes significantly smaller or less important than it currently is.
BROOKE GLADSTONE: Okay, so lay out how Facebook is different from say Friendster or MySpace.
CLAY SHIRKY: Well so, do you remember that moment in the 1990s when it was possible to imagine that mobile phones were kind of a fancy luxury that you might have but your main phone was your house phone, like you had something tied to the wall?
BROOKE GLADSTONE: Absolutely.
CLAY SHIRKY: MySpace and Friendster were sort of like that era of mobile phones, where it might be fun to be part of a social network but really it wasn't the main thing you were doing on the Internet. The importance of the Internet was I had the search engine, we have this email, and then we've got these social networks over here and they're kind of fluff. So now, fast forward ten years, and mobile phones become something that's gone from being a luxury that you might have to being a utility you have to have. So the big difference between the Friendster and MySpace era and the Facebook era is that social networking, like mobile phones, has gone from something that's seen as a kind of sideline to something that if you don't have it, you're now actively at a disadvantage in large parts of society.
BROOKE GLADSTONE: Isn't that, as Tim Wu suggests, a, a kind of law of social networking entropy that would eventually eat away at Facebook's dominance?
CLAY SHIRKY: Sure, but the Holy Roman Empire failed too [LAUGHS]. I mean, are we talking 2020 here or are we talking 2050? Start from now and project into something like the foreseeable future. Make a list of their advantages: Enormous user base, incredible economies of scale, world class infrastructure. The, the marketing department is their own user base. Advertisers are tripping over themselves to get involved. No one wants to call themselves a competitor. Now make a list of their disadvantages, right? A, a handful of privacy nuts are cranky.
Can, can you think of a second thing to add to that list? I can't.
BROOKE GLADSTONE: Okay, it's 2050. Facebook suffered a cataclysmic epidemic.
CLAY SHIRKY: Right, and we're all — we're all livin' off the grid — yeah.
BROOKE GLADSTONE: [LAUGHS] You look back, what's its legacy?
CLAY SHIRKY: There will never now not be a period where most human beings on the planet are connected to the same grid. I think that's the really big change, right? There was a kind of a theoretical way in which that was true of the telephone network, which in terms of underlying technological connection got there first. But Facebook is the first tool to ever have a majority of the adults in the connected world using the same service. And this, this is new, right? As late as 2008, it was possible to imagine that different countries would have different leading social networks. Spain had Fotolog, Brazil had Orkut, the U.K. had Bebo, and so on. Four years later, that's all gone. It's clear that the only thing that keeps Facebook out of a country is if the government invests a very great deal of money to specifically block Facebook. I have a hard time imagining a world in which we don't always have a service like that, even if in 2050 it is not Facebook.
BROOKE GLADSTONE: Clay, thank you so much.
CLAY SHIRKEY: Thank you, Brooke, great to talk to you, as always.
[BANGS: MEET ME ON FACEBOOK/UP & UNDER]
BROOKE GLADSTONE: Clay Shirkey, author of Cognitive Surplus.
Oh and, by the way, Facebook declined our request for an
BOB GARFIELD: As Mark Zuckerberg told Wired, it's really easy
to have a nice philosophy about openness, but moving the world
in that direction is a different thing.
[BANGS: MEET ME ON FACEBOOK/UP & UNDER]:
Hey Shorty you’ve been talkin about me
I know that u love me,
Meet me on the Facebook,
Give me Ur email address,
So I can add u as a friend,
Than we can start chat,
U can show me what u gat…
[SONG UP & UNDER]
BOB GARFIELD: That’s it for this week's show. On the Media was produced by Jamie York, Alex Goldman, PJ Vogt, Sarah Abdurrahman and Chris Neary, with more help from Ariel Stulberg and Lita Martinez. And it was edited - by Brooke. Our technical director is Jennifer Munson.
BROOKE GLADSTONE: Katya Rogers is our senior producer. Ellen Horne is WNYC’s senior director of National Programs. Bassist composer Ben Allison wrote our theme. On the Media is produced by WNYC and distributed by NPR. Next week we’ll be diving into the wildly underreported story of the year, the election. I’m Brooke Gladstone.
BOB GARFIELD: And I’m Bob Garfield.
The conversation was good, on the Facebook,
She was trying to show me her love,
And I was trying to make her smile,
She was chatting with me for a while,
Telling me what’s going down…